Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
I will talk about some connections among the GKZ (introduced by Gelfand-Kapranov-Zelevinsky) hypergeometric series, orbifold singularities of the system, and chain integrals in some geometry. The GKZ hypergeometric series appeared in some very interesting contexts including arithmetic geometry, enumerative geometry and mathematical physics in the last few decades. I will report some new geometric realizations and interpretations of them.
I will review recent progress in understanding the dynamics of confining strings in pure Yang-Mills theory.
In recent years, tensor network states have emerged as a very useful conceptual and simulation framework to study local quantum many-body systems at low energies.
I discuss, from a quantum information perspective, recent proposals of Maldacena, Ryu, Takayanagi, van Raamsdonk, Swingle, and Susskind that spacetime is an emergent property of the quantum entanglement of an associated boundary quantum system. I review the idea that the informational principle of minimal complexity determines a dual holographic bulk spacetime from a minimal quantum circuit U preparing a given boundary state from a trivial reference state.
In my talk I will consider resurgence properties of Chern-Simons
theory on compact 3-manifolds. I will also describe what role
resurgence plays in the problem of categorification of Chern-Simons
theory, that is the problem of generalizing Khovanov homology of knots
to compact 3-manifolds.
Supposing there exists no new physics stabilizing the weak scale, the Standard Model Higgs potential exhibits a true vacuum at large field values, rendering the electroweak vacuum metastable (i.e., long lived relative to the age of the Universe).
In this seminar, I will present two promising ways in which the cosmic microwave background (CMB) sheds light on critical uncertain physics and systematics of the large-scale structure.
Shear calibration with CMB lensing (arXiv:1607.01761):
I'll describe a family of algebras called shifted Yangians, which arise as deformation quantizations of certain spaces related to loop groups. I'll also describe coproducts for these algebras, which are related to multiplication in the loop group. Physically, this fits into the story of Coulomb branches associated to 3d N=4 quiver gauge theories, where the above multiplication maps arises by taking products of scattering matrices.