Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
The Weyl Theorem states that the conformal structure and the projective structure jointly suffice to fix the metric up to a global constant. This is a powerful interpretive tool in general relativity: it says in effect that if I know the paths of light rays in vacuo and I know the images of the paths of freely falling particles (i.e., the spacetime curves they follow with no preferred parametrization), then I know the metric.
Shape Dynamics possesses a large set of solutions in common with General Relativity. Upon close inspection, these solutions behave in surprising ways, so in order to probe the fitness of Shape Dynamics as a viable alternative to General Relativity one must understand increasingly complex solutions, on which to base perturbative studies and numerical analyses. We show that a class of time-dependent exact solutions of Shape Dynamics exists from first principles, representing a central inhomogeneity in an evolving cosmological environment.
I will review the current status of our understanding of spherically symmetric compact solutions of Shape Dynamics, which have nontrivial degrees of freedom when matter is present. I will show some new solutions of GR in a CMC foliation: a single thin spherical shell of matter in equilibrium in a compact foliation of de Sitter, and the simplest possible model of a black hole or compact star. This is provided by a universe with the topology of a 3-sphere with two thin spherical shells of dust.
Most practical studies in Shape Dynamics involve an N-body Newtonian interaction which is described by a homogeneous potential. This property allows one to proof several interesting features like the emergence of an arrow of time. However, more generic interactions are not described by these kind of potentials and introduce additional dimensionful coupling constants. Thus, it is an open question whether more generic interactions can be written in a fully relational manner.
Inflation is the leading paradigm of the early Universe, according to which the tiny temperature fluctuations observed in the cosmic microwave background (CMB) originate from quantum vacuum fluctuations at very early times. Recent observations show that the Starobinsky potential is favored among the single field inflationary models. However, the calculations that match the data exclude the Planck era. I will explain why this era is important and how using techniques from loop quantum gravity, the effects of this period can be studied.
The notion of singular support for coherent sheaves was introduced by Arinkin and Gaitsgory in order to carefully state the geometric Langlands conjecture. This is a conjectural equivalence of categories of sheaves on certain moduli spaces: in order to make the conjecture reasonable one needs to restrict to sheaves which satisfy a certain "singular support condition". In this talk I'll explain how to think about this singular support condition from the point of view of boundary conditions in twisted N=4 gauge theory. Specifically, Arinkin and Gaitsgory's singular su
Any quantum field theory can be thought of as arising from a perturbed UV conformal field theory, suggesting that information about the full RG flow is encoded in the original CFT. I will discuss ongoing work developing new methods for extracting this information to study strongly-coupled IR dynamics. This method uses a UV basis of conformal Casimir eigenstates to construct the Hamiltonian, which is then truncated at some maximum Casimir eigenvalue and diagonalized to approximate the low energy spectrum of the IR theory.
Relationalism is the strict disentanglement of physical law from the definition of physical object. This can be formalized in the shape dynamcis postulate that the objective evolution of the universe is described by an "equation of state of a curve in relational configuration space." The application of this postulate to General Relativity implies that gravity is described by an equation of state of a curve on conformal superspace. It turns out that the naive quantization of these equations of state introduces an undesired preferred time parametrization.
Shape Dynamics(SD) can be derived from principles that differ in significant respects from Einstein's derivation of GR. It requires a spatially closed universe and allows a smaller set of solutions than GR does for this case. There are indications that its solution space can be fully characterized and endowed with a measure. These architectonic features suggest that SD can explain the arrows of time as direct consequences of the law of the universe. They do not require special initial conditions. I will discuss these and other major issues on which SD may cast light.
©2012 Institut Périmètre de Physique Théorique