Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
We discuss two basic principles to unify the understanding of both cuprates and iron-based superconductors: (1) the correspondence principle— the short range magnetic exchange interactions and the Fermi surfaces act collaboratively to achieve high Tc superconductivity and determine pairing symmetries; (2) the selective magnetic pairing rule: the superconductivity is only induced by the magnetic exchange couplings from the superexchange mechanism through cation-anion-cation chemical bondings but not those from direct exchange couplings resulted from the direct cation's d-d chemical bondings
In underdoped cuprate superconductors, a rich competition occurs between superconductivity and charge density wave order (CDW). Under debate, however, is whether rotational symmetry breaking (nematicity) also plays a central role -- whether it occurs intrinsically and generically or merely as a consequence of other orders. Here we employ resonant x-ray scattering in stripe-ordered (La,X)2CuO4 to probe the relationship between electronic nematicity of the Cu 3d orbitals, structural orthorhombicity of the (La,X)2O4 layers and CDW order.
The ground state phase diagram of spin-1/2 J1-J2 antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model on square lattice around the maximally frustrated regime (J2~0.5J1) has been debated for decades. I will discuss some progresses on this old problem based on recent numerical results from density matrix renormalization group(DMRG) and tensor product states algorithms.
The most interesting states of the cuprate compounds are not the superconductors with high critical temperatures. Instead, the novelty lies primarily in the higher temperature metallic "normal" states from which the superconductors descend, and in competing low temperature states with density wave order. I will review recent experimental and theoretical progress in understanding these states. The experimental evidence is compatible with the presence of a metal with topological order in the 'pseudogap' regime of low carrier density.