Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Numerical Linked Cluster (NLC) expansions can accurately compute thermal properties of quantum spin models in the thermodynamic limit in certain parameter regimes. In classical spin-ice models, where all correlations remain short-ranged down to T=0, these expansions can be convergent even at low T. However, for quantum spin-ice models, they converge only when either temperatures are not too small or there is a strong magnetic field present.
Pyrochlore Pr2Ir2O7 is a rare material with various unique properties such as geometrical frustration, c-f hybridization and Fermi node in the band structure. Although Pr3+ carries the effective moment of ~3B with Curie-Weiss temperature ~ 20 K, no long-range order is observed down to the partial freezing at Tf ~ 0.3 K, suggesting the geometrical frustration [1]. Magnetic Grüneisen ratio diverges mag ~ T-3/2 without tuning any parameter, indicating the zero-field quantum criticality [2].
We report highly unusual heat conduction generated by the spin degrees of freedom in spin liquid states of the pyrochlore magnets Yb2Ti2O7 and Pr2Zr2O7. In Yb2Ti2O7, the excitations propagate a long distance without being scattered, in contrast to the diffusive nature of classical monopoles. In Pr2Zr2O7, the thermal conductivity unexpectedly shows a dramatic enhancement at very low temperature. The low-lying excitations are discussed in terms of a possible emergent photons, coherent gapless spin excitations in a spin-ice manifold.
Motivated by the rapid experimental progress of quantum spin ice materials, we study the dynamical properties of pyrochlore spin ice in the U(1) spin liquid phases. In particular, we focus on the spinon excitations that appear in high energies and show up as an excitation continuum in the dynamic spin structure factor. The keen connection between the crystal symmetry fractionalization of the spinons and the spectral periodicity of the spinon continuum is emphasized and explicitly demonstrated.
"Quantum spin ice" materials have been widely discussed in terms of an XXZ model on a pyrochlore lattice, which is accessible to quantum Monte Carlo simulation for unfrustrated interactions J_\pm > 0. Here we argue that the properties of this model may become even more interesting once it is "frustrated". Using a combination of large-scale classical Monte Carlo simulation, semi-classical molecular dynamics, symmetry analysis and analytic field theory we explore the new phases which arise for J_\pm
We present an experimental study of the quantum spin ice candidate pyrochlore compound Pr2Zr2O7 by means of magnetization measurements, specic heat and neutron scattering. We confirm that the spin excitation spectrum is essentially inelastic [1] and consists in a broad flat mode centered at about 0.4 meV with a magnetic structure factor which resembles the spin ice pattern.
Superconductivity research has traditionally been discovery driven. Of course, Tc is a non-universal quantity that cannot be predicted, hence off-limits to theorists. Nevertheless, it must be possible to reach intelligent predictions for superconductors that are interesting for reasons other than high Tc per se. Of particular interest are topological superconductors under pursuit as a platform for quantum computing.
Models of gravitational waveforms play a critical role in detecting and characterizing the gravitational waves (GWs) from compact binary coalescences. Waveforms from numerical relativity (NR), while highly accurate, are too computationally expensive to produce to be directly used in parameter estimation. We propose a Gaussian process regression (GPR) method to generate accurate reduced-order-model waveforms based only on existing accurate (e.g. NR) simulations.
CdEr2Se4, a spinel, was shown to be the first spin ice in a crystal structure other than the rare earth pyrochlore [1]. Although it has the correct entropy, the exact nature of the spin ice state therein, especially the form of the spin correlation function was not further established. A further particularity was the spin relaxation time, which, at low temperature, was found to display a similar activation energy to that of a canonical spin ice, yet the dynamics are three orders of magnitude faster.
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