Since 2002 Perimeter Institute has been recording seminars, conference talks, and public outreach events using video cameras installed in our lecture theatres. Perimeter now has 7 formal presentation spaces for its many scientific conferences, seminars, workshops and educational outreach activities, all with advanced audio-visual technical capabilities. Recordings of events in these areas are all available On-Demand from this Video Library and on Perimeter Institute Recorded Seminar Archive (PIRSA). PIRSA is a permanent, free, searchable, and citable archive of recorded seminars from relevant bodies in physics. This resource has been partially modelled after Cornell University's arXiv.org.
Topological quantum computation is a fault tolerant protocol for quantum computing using non-abelian topological phases of matter. Information is encoded in states of multi-quasiparticle excitations(anyons), and quantum gates are realized by braiding of anyons. The mathematical foundation of anyon systems is described by unitary modular tensor categories.
Quantum adiabatic optimization (QAO) slowly varies an initial Hamiltonian with an easy-to-prepare ground-state to a final Hamiltonian whose ground-state encodes the solution to some optimization problem. Currently, little is known about the performance of QAO relative to classical optimization algorithms as we still lack strong analytic tools for analyzing its performance.
In the rst part of this talk I will give a brief introduction to the variational class of continuous
matrix product states (cMPS). Then I will present a time evolution algorithm for cMPS with periodic
boundary conditions. In the second part, I will explain how to apply this method to simulate
atomtronic circuits. In particular, I will show results for persistent currents in an interacting bose
gas rotating in a ring shaped trap in the presence of an arti cial U(1) gauge potential.
The BPS spectrum of d=4 N=2 field theories in general contains not only hyper and vector-multipelts but also short multiplets of particles with arbitrarily high spin. These BPS states of higher spin reveal quite a peculiar behavior, so sometimes they are called "wild"
states. In this talk we would try to discuss a small refinement of the asymptotic study (spectral network technique) of tt* equations arising in an effective theory on 2d defects in N=2 4d SYM theory capturing spin information and apply it to study some properties of wild BPS spectra.
The vacuum energy changes when cosmological phase transitions take place, or in environments with high temperatures or chemical potentials. The propagation of primordial gravity waves is affected through the trace anomaly, and eras where the vacuum energy dominates can lead tofeatures in the gravity wave spectrum.
In this talk I derive the evolution equations for two scalar fields with non-canonical field space metric up to third order in perturbation theory, employing the covariant formalism. These equations can be used to calculate the local bi- and trispectra of the non-minimal ekpyrotic model. Remarkably, the nearly scale-invariant entropy perturbations have vanishing bi- and trispectra during the ekpyrotic phase.
I discuss a new proposal for nonperturbatively defining chiral gauge theories, something that has resisted previous attempts. The proposal is a well defined field theoretic framework that contains mirror fermions with very soft form factors, which allows them to decouple, as well as ordinary fermions with conventional couplings. The construction makes use of an extra dimension, which localizes chiral zeromodes on the boundaries, and a four dimensional gauge field extended into the bulk via classical gradient flow.
I will present a new area law in General Relativity. This new area law holds on local analogues of event horizons that have an independent thermodynamic significance due to the Bousso bound. I will also discuss a quantum generalization of this more local notion of thermodynamics.
We introduce the spectrum bifurcation renormalization group (SBRG) as an improvement of the excited-state real space renormalization group (RSRG-X) for qubit models. Starting from a disordered many-body Hamiltonian in the full many-body localized (MBL) phase, the SBRG flows to the MBL fixed-point Hamiltonian, and generates the local integrals of motion and the matrix product state representations for all eigenstates.