This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
There is a proposed dS/CFT duality in 3+1 dimensions, with higher-spin gravity in the bulk subject to Bunch-Davies boundary conditions. I consider replacing these with antipodally symmetric conditions, which allow for real values of the bulk fields. I present spanning sets of solutions in global dS_4 for free gauge fields of all spins (including photons and gravitons), and use them to establish relations between antipodal symmetry and asymptotic behavior. Some of these relations can be extended to interacting theories, including ordinary and higher-spin gravity.
We consider M-theory in the presence of M parallel M5-branes probing a transverse A_{N-1} singularity. This leads to a superconformal theory with (1,0) supersymmetry in six dimensions. We compute the supersymmetric partition function of this theory on a two-torus, with arbitrary supersymmetry preserving twists, using the topological vertex formalism. Alternatively, we show that this can also be obtained by computing the elliptic genus of an orbifold of recently studied M-strings.
We present explicit computations and conjectures for 2 → 2 scattering matrices in large N U(N) Chern-Simons theories coupled to fundamental bosonic or fermionic matter to all orders in the ’t Hooft coupling expansion. The bosonic and fermionic S-matrices map to each other under the recently conjectured Bose-Fermi duality after a level-rank transposition. The S-matrices presented in this paper may be regarded as relativistic generalization of Aharonov-Bohm scattering.
There is a close connection between Symmetry Protected Topological Phases and anomalies: a surface of an SPT phase typically has a global symmetry with a nonvanishing 't Hooft anomaly which is canceled by the anomaly inflow from the bulk. This observation together with the known results about the classification of SPT phases suggest that anomalies are much more ubiquitous than thought previously and do not require chiral fermions We elucidate the physical mechanism of anomalies and give examples of bosonic theories with 't Hooft anomalies in various dimensions.
The entanglement entropy of the vacuum of a quantum field theory contains information about physics at all scales and is UV sensitive. A simple refinement of entanglement entropy gets rid of its UV divergence, and allows us to extract entanglement per scale. In two and three spacetime dimensions this quantity can be used as a proxy for the number of degrees of freedom, as it decreases under RG flow. We investigate its behavior around fixed points, and reveal its interesting analytic structure in the space of couplings.
There have been a number of attempts to achieve a localization of gravity on a braneworld hypersurface embedded in an infinite spacetime, but these have all fallen short of what might be desired, for various reasons. There have even been no-go theorems claimed for constructions made using just accepted elements of string or M theory. The talk will present a proposed resolution of this problem based upon a hyperbolic solution of type IIA theory with a superposed NS-5 brane.
This talk focuses on vacuum moduli spaces of N=4 supersymmetric field theories in three dimensions. A particular branch of the moduli space, known as the Coulomb branch, receives quantum corrections. We present an exact result, known as the Hilbert series, that enumerates the operators in the chiral ring of such a quantum Coulomb branch. This exact result can be applied to a large class of 3d supersymmetric field theories, with and without known Lagrangian descriptions.
We compute the exact two-sphere, disk and real projective plane partition functions of two-dimensional supersymmetric theories using the localization technique. From these new results, we will attack old and new important problems in the string theory on Calabi-Yau spaces, and D-branes and Orientifold planes therein.
The dilaton effective action plays a key role for the recent proof of the a-theorem by Schwimmer and Komargodski. In the presence of other massless modes, one may ask if this proof is affected. In particular, in renormalization group (RG) flows with N=1 supersymmetry, there is a natural massless partner of the dilaton, namely an axion field. I will discuss RG flows, the a-theorem, and the form of the N=1 supersymmetric dilaton-axion effective action and its physics.