This series consists of talks in the area of Superstring Theory.
Mass, a concept familiar to all of us, is also one of the deepest mysteries in nature. Almost all of the mass in the visible universe, you, me and any other stuff that we see around us, emerges from QCD, a theory with a negligible microscopic mass content. How does QCD and the family of gauge theories it belongs to generate a mass? This class of non-perturbative problems remained largely elusive despite much effort over the years. Recently, new ideas based on compactification have been shown useful to address some of these.
Correlation functions in the gauge-gravity correspondence (AdS/CFT) are dual to scattering amplitudes in anti-de Sitter space (AdS). In this talk, I will describe how techniques that were recently developed to study scattering amplitudes in flat space can be generalized to AdS leading to a new and efficient method of computing correlation functions in AdS/CFT.
1) S. Raju, "Generalized Recursion Relations for Correlators in the Gauge Gravity Correspondence", Phys.Rev.Lett. 106 (2011) 091601.
I will discuss a holographic model whose low-energy physics may be used to build a marginal Fermi liquid. The model has several interesting features, including (i.) it is embedded in string theory and we possess a Lagrangian description of the field theory, (ii.) it exhibits a first-order transition between the non-Fermi liquid phase and a normal Fermi liquid phase, and (iii.) the model involves a lattice of heavy defects interacting with a sea of propagating fields.
In this talk, I will first give an overview of holographic entanglement entropy. Next I will introduce recent our results on its applications to the quantum quenches and a holography for flat spacetime.
I will describe a method to compute from first principles the anomalous dimension of short operators in N=4 super Yang-Mills theory at strong coupling, where they are described in terms of superstring vertex operators in an anti-de Sitter background. I will focus on the Konishi multiplet, dual to the first massive level of the superstring, and compute the one-loop correction to its anomalous dimension at strong coupling, using the pure spinor formalism for the superstring.
The 4D rotating black hole described by the Kerr geometry possesses many of what was called by Chandrasekhar "miraculous" properties. Most of them are related to the existence of a fundamental hidden symmetry of a principal conformal Killing-Yano (PCKY) tensor. In my talk I shall demonstrate that hidden symmetry of the PCKY tensor plays exceptional role also in higher dimensions.
ABJM theory is a world-volume theory for an arbitrary number of M2-branes. One of the unique features of ABJM theory is its characteristic scaling behaviour, exhibited for example by the free energy and correlation functions of chiral primary operators. In more detail, ABJM theory has a holographic dual where thermodynamics at strong coupling is determined by a system of black M2-branes. The zero-coupling (black-body radiation) free energy disagrees with the strong coupling result. Even the scaling in the 't Hooft coupling is different (strongly suppressed at strong coupling).
We describe a classification of 4d N=2 superconformal theories
obtained from the compactification of 6d N=(2,0) A_N theories on
punctured Riemann surfaces. We show the basic building blocks to
construct any such theory and its various S-dual frames. A host of new
S-dualities and interacting (non-Lagrangian) superconformal theories are
unconvered. We also compute various properties of these interacting