This series consists of talks in the areas of Particle Physics, High Energy Physics & Quantum Field Theory.
I will present recent and ongoing work in collaboration with Tsutomu Yanagida and Simeon Hellerman (arXiv:1309.0692 and 1312.xxxx) on a new way to obtain charge quantization, without a GUT or monopole solution. In the CP^1 model, SU(2)_G/U(1)_H, consistency conditions for a charged field and its transformation properties over the entire group manifold lead to a charge quantization condition. By gauging the U(1)_H and identifying it with hypercharge, we find charge quantization in the SM without a monopole or GUT, purely from the structure and dynamics of the nonlinear sigma model.
The discovery of a perturbatively-coupled, 125 GeV Higgs, together with the absence of LHC signals for supersymmetry, places the principle of naturalness under tension. In this talk I will discuss the possibility that the weak scale is unnatural, with its value determined environmentally in the landscape. In particular, this environmental selection may be driven by BBN: as the weak scale is increased, the abundance of Hydrogen in the early universe is rapidly depleted.
The discovery of the Higgs boson marks the first direct probe into the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking. All evidence currently points to the fact that electroweak symmetry is broken by at least one fundamental scalar, and naturalness remains the most compelling reason to expect additional degrees of freedom at the weak scale.
Jets are key tools for physics at the LHC. Usually, jets are identified through a jet algorithm. In this talk, I will present an alternative way of thinking about jets, by showing how a broad class of inclusive jet-based observables can be replaced by event shapes. These event shapes do not require any jet clustering, but they still implement a jet-like pT cut on "jets" with an R-like radius. I will discuss various applications, including event selection at trigger-level, event-wide trimming, and alternative definitions for boosted objects identifiers.
I consider the effects of exotic production modes of the 125 GeV Higgs and their impact on Higgs searches and the Higgs discovery. I emphasize that new production modes have been largely overlooked in contemporary tests of the Standard Model nature of the Higgs boson but experimental tests of exotic production modes are viable now or will be soon. I present a couple explicit examples of exotic production arising from chargino-neutralino associated production in the MSSM.
Gluinos are expected to be light for a natural electroweak scale, but the LHC has not seen them yet. Many possibilities have been proposed to hide natural gluinos in the LHC data, but are these methods really effective? In this talk, I will discuss the current status of kinematically accessible gluinos. By noting the most common features - MET, tops, and high multiplicity - which pervade natural gluino decays, I will argue that there are few places left to hide. I will briefly discuss the remaining weaknesses in LHC coverage and how to bolster them.
in calculating S matrix elements have shown that
the malicious redundancies in non-linear
theories can be circumvented by utilizing unitarity methods in
with BCFW recursion relations. When calculating in this fashion all
of the interaction vertices
beyond the three point function can be ignored. This simplification is
especially useful in gravity
The effective number of neutrino species in our universe, Neff, is capable of probing the presence of new light or massless species in our universe. I will first review relevant facts about both CMB measurements of new light species and thermodynamics in the early universe.
We propose a robust, unified framework, in which the similar baryon and dark matter cosmic abundances both arise from the physics of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs), with the rough quantitative success of the so-called “WIMP miracle”. In particular the baryon asymmetry arises from the decay of a meta-stable WIMP after its thermal freezeout at or below the weak scale. A minimal model and its embedding in R-parity violating (RPV) natural SUSY are studied as examples. The new mechanism saves RPV SUSY from the potential crisis of washing out primordial baryon asymmetry.
I'll discuss a class of supersymmetric models in
which the physical Higgs mass is freed from the quartic coupling, thereby
allowing for a 125 GeV Higgs state whose self-interaction can be much smaller
than in the SM via a mechanism of 'induced EWSB'. This class of models
provides a unique alternative to other realizations of natural SUSY, and the
simplest realizations necessitate additional characteristic scalars below the
TeV scale, thus altering phenomenological predictions for additional Higgses at