This series consists of talks in the area of Mathematical Physics.
The subject of equivariant elliptic cohomology finds itself at the interface of topology, string theory, affine representation theory, singularity theory and integrable systems. These connections were already known to the founders of the discipline, Grojnowski, Segal, Hopkins, Devoto, but have come into sharper focus in recent years with a number of remarkable developments happening simultaneously: First, there are the geometric constructions, due to Kitchloo, Rezk and Spong, Berwick-Evans and Tripathy, building on the older program of Stolz-Teichner, and of course Segal.
I will present recent work (to appear soon) on the homological mirror symmetry about the universal centralizers $J_G$, for any complex semisimple Lie group $G$. The A-side is a partially wrapped Fukaya category of $J_G$, and the B-side is the category of coherent sheaves on the categorical quotient of a dual maximal torus by the Weyl group action (with some modification if $G$ has a nontrivial center).
Borcherds Kac-Moody (BKM) algebras are a generalization of familiar Kac-Moody algebras with imaginary simple roots. On the one hand, they were invented by Borcherds in his proof of the monstrous moonshine conjectures and have many interesting connections to new moonshines, number theory and the theory of automorphic forms. On the other hand, there is an old conjecture of Harvey and Moore that BPS states in string theory form an algebra that is in some cases a BKM algebra and which is based on certain signatures of BKMs observed in 4d threshold corrections and black hole physics.
To any vertex algebra one can attach in a canonical way a certain Poisson variety, called the associated variety. Nilpotent Slodowy slices appear as associated varieties of admissible (simple) W-algebras. They also appear as Higgs branches of the Argyres-Douglas theories in 4d N=2 SCFT’s. These two facts are linked by the so-called Higgs branch conjecture. In this talk I will explain how to exploit the geometry of nilpotent Slodowy slices to study some properties of W-algebras whose motivation stems from physics.
Every toric variety is a GIT quotient of an affine space by an algebraic torus. In this talk, I will discuss a way to understand and compute the symplectic mirrors of toric varieties from this universal perspective using the concept of window subcategories. The talk is based on results from a work of myself and a joint work in progress with Peng Zhou.
The theory of quasimaps to Nakajima quiver varieties X has recently been used very effectively by Aganagic, Okounkov and others to study symplectic duality. For certain X, namely Hilbert schemes of ADE surfaces, it turns out quasimap theory is equivalent to a particular flavor of Donaldson-Thomas theory on a related threefold Y. I will explain this equivalence and how it intertwines concepts and tools from the two sides. For example, symplectic duality has something to say about the crepant resolution conjecture for Y.
A classical result of R. Courant gives an upper bound for the count of nodal domains (connected components of the complement of where a function vanishes) for Dirichlet eigenfunctions on compact planar domains. This can be generalized to Laplace-Beltrami eigenfunctions on compact surfaces without boundary. When considering random linear combinations of eigenfunctions, one can make this count more precise and pose statistical questions on the geometries appearing amongst the nodal domains: what percentage have one hole? ten holes?
In this talk I will describe a new link "invariant" (with certain wall-crossing properties) for links L in a three-manifold M, where M takes the form of a surface times the real line. This link "invariant" is constructed via a map, called the q-nonabelianization map, from the
I will review the construction of Coulomb branches in 3D gauge theory for a compact Lie group G and a quaternionic representation E. In the case when E is polarized, these branches are determined by topological boundary conditions built from the gauged A-model of the two polar halves of E. No analogue of this is apparent in the absence of a polarization, nonetheless the Coulomb branch can be defined by the use of a ‘quantum’ square root of E (related to the Spin representation).
Geometry of a pair of complex Lagrangian submanifolds of a complex symplectic manifold appears in many areas of mathematics and physics, including exponential integrals in finite and infinite dimensions, wall-crossing formulas in 2d and 4d, representation theory, resurgence of WKB series and so on.
In 2014 we started a joint project with Maxim Kontsevich which we named "Holomorphic Floer Theory" (HFT for short) in order to study all these (and other) phenomena as a part of a bigger picture.