This series consists of talks in the area of Condensed Matter.
I will discuss the stability and breakdown of the topological classification of gapped ground states of non-interacting fermions, the tenfold way, in the presence of quartic fermion-fermion interactions. In our approach [1], the effects of interactions on the boundary gapless modes are encoded in terms of boundary dynamical masses. Breakdown of the non-interacting topological classification occurs when the quantum nonlinear sigma models for the boundary dynamical masses favor quantum disordered phases.
I will review recent progress on theory of many-body localization, mostly focusing on properties of the many-body localized phase itself.
I will discuss explicit construction of effective Hamiltonians governing the dynamics of conserved quantities. The analysis reveals several inequivalent length scales in the system, some of which do not appear to diverge on the approach to the thermalized phase.
Experimental protocols to measure these length scales will also be discussed.
Numerical results suggest that the quantum Hall effect at {\nu} = 5/2 is described by the Pfaffian or anti-Pfaffian state in the absence of disorder and Landau level mixing. Those states are incompatible with the observed transport properties of GaAs heterostructures, where disorder and Landau level mixing are strong. We show that the recent proposal of a PH-Pfaffian topological order by Son is consistent with all experiments. The absence of the particle-hole symmetry at {\nu} =
We numerically investigate the expansion of clouds of hard-core bosons in a 2D square lattice using a matrix-product state based method. This non-equilibrium setup is induced by quenching a trapping potential to zero and is specifically motivated by an experiment with ultracold atoms [1]. As the anisotropy for hopping amplitudes in different spatial directions is varied from 1D to 2D, we observe a crossover from a fast ballistic expansion in the 1D limit to much slower dynamics in the isotropic 2D lattice [2].
Topological insulators (TIs) are a recently discovered state of matter characterized by an “inverted” band structure driven by strong spin-orbit coupling. One of their most touted properties is the existence of robust "topologically protected" surface states. I will discuss what topological protection means for transport experiments and how it can be probed using the technique of time-domain THz spectroscopy applied to thin films of Bi2Se3.
Quantum-critical strongly correlated electron systems are predicted to feature universal collision-dominated transport resembling that of viscous fluids. Investigation of these phenomena has been hampered by the lack of known macroscopic signatures of electron viscosity. Here we identify vorticity as such a signature and link it with a readily verifiable striking macroscopic DC transport behavior. Produced by the viscous flow, vorticity can drive electric current against an applied field, resulting in a negative nonlocal voltage.
In my talk I will introduce the spin liquid phases that occur in kagome antiferromagnets, and discuss their physical origin that are closely related with the newly discovered symmetry protected topological phase (SPT). I will first present our numerical (DMRG) study on the kagome XXZ spin model that exhibits two distinct spin liquid phases, namely the chiral spin liquid and the kagome spin liquid (the groundstate of the nearest neighbor kagome Heisenberg model). Both phases extend from the extreme easy-axis limit, through
Recent theoretical and experimental efforts have been focused on the identification of excitations in quantum spin ice. Due to their relation to the magnetic monopoles of classical spin ice, their quantum counterparts, called spinons, are a highly sought-after manifestation of fractionalization in frustrated quantum magnets like Yb2Ti2O7. Of particular current interest is the quantum dynamics of spinons, namely, their modes of propagation and interaction with the strongly correlated spin background.
When a classical system is driven through a continuous phase transition, its nonequilibrium response is universal and exhibits Kibble-Zurek scaling. We explore this dynamical scaling in the context of a three-dimensional topological magnet with fractionalized excitations, namely, the liquid-gas transition of the emergent mobile magnetic monopoles in dipolar spin ice. Using field-mixing and finite-size scaling techniques, we place the critical point of the liquid-gas line in the three-dimensional Ising universality class.
Recent work suggests that a sharp definition of `phase of matter' can be given for some quantum systems out of equilibrium---first for many-body localized systems with time independent Hamiltonians and more recently for periodically driven or Floquet localized systems. We present a new family of driven localized Floquet phases, which are analogues of the 1d symmetry protected topological phases familiar from the equilibrium setting. We then propose a classification for such phases.
©2012 Institut Périmètre de Physique Théorique