The origin and evolution of the largest observable structures in the universe (much larger than entire galaxies); understanding why the expansion of the universe is accelerating. Observational techniques: cosmic microwave background, gravitational lensing and gravity waves.
Observational cosmology, with particular focus on the formation and evolution of large scale structures in our universe like clusters of galaxies as large as 500 million light years. “Weighing” the universe, and mapping out the mysterious dark matter it contains.
Applications of quantum theory to cryptography and computation; understanding in more concrete, physical terms what quantum theory is telling us about the nature of reality. Applications of information theory to better understand the quantum “wave function”.
Philosophy of physics, puzzles about the content and status of foundational principles – the logic of physicists’ basic assumptions, especially with regards to space and time, and the history of science, e.g. exactly how Einstein made his discoveries.
Howard Burton, John Stachel, Artur Ekert, Gary Horowitz, unifying, quantum field theory, superstring theory, unification, symmetry of nature, electromagnetism, gravity, Einstein, quantum, many worlds, quantum mechanics, Higgs particle,supersymmetry, quantum computers
How has the most celebrated scientific theory of the 20th century held up under the exacting scrutiny of planetary probes, radio telescopes and atomic clocks? After 100 years, was Einstein right? Clifford Will, Einstein, general relativity, spacetime, gravity wave, mercury perihelion, light, radioastronomy, gravititational lenses, quasars, pulsar
Black Holes and the Structure of Space Time Juan Maldacena, blackholes, space-time, gravitation, gravity, special relativity, quantum mechanics, Einstein, equivalence principle, redshift factor, universality, white black holes, quantum gravity, string theory, general relativity, Penrose, Hawking, thermodynamics, entropy
2003 Nobel Prize Winner shares thoughts on the future of physics. Anthony Leggett, quantum mechanics, wave, particle, quantum liquids, superconductivity, De Broglie relation, Cooper\'s pair, Schrodinger cat, many-bodies