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APPEND I CES
APPENDICES
FACULTY
Neil Turok (PhD Imperial College London, 1983) joined the Institute as its Director in 2008. After a
postdoc in Santa Barbara and an Associate Scientist position at Fermilab, he moved to Princeton
where he was Professor of Physics. In 1997, he assumed the Chair of Mathematical Physics at the
University of Cambridge. In addition to Sloan and Packard Fellowships, he won the 1992 James Clerk
Maxwell medal. In 2008, he was named a Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) Fellow
in Cosmology and Gravity. Turok’s work focuses on developing fundamental theories of cosmology
and new observational tests. His predictions for the correlations of the polarization and temperature of
the cosmic background radiation, and of the galaxy-cosmic background correlations induced by dark
energy have been confirmed. With Stephen Hawking, he discovered instanton solutions describing
the birth of inflationary universes. His work on Open Inflation forms the basis of the now-popular
“multiverse” paradigm. With Paul Steinhardt, he developed a cyclic model for cosmology, according
to which the Big Bang is explained as a collision between two ‘brane-worlds’ in M-theory. Born in
South Africa, Turok founded the African Institute for Mathematical Sciences (AIMS) in Cape Town,
South Africa. In 2008, he was awarded the TED Prize and a “Most Innovative People” award at the
World Summit on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (WSIE). Among his many honours, he holds the
Medaille de l’Ordre National du Lion, Sénégal’s highest recognition, awarded for his role in creating
the new AIMS-Sénégal centre.
Latham Boyle (PhD Princeton, 2006) joined the Institute as a junior Faculty member in 2010. From 2006
to 2009, he held a Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics (CITA) Postdoctoral Fellowship; he is
also a Junior Fellow of the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR). Boyle has studied what
gravitational wave measurements can reveal about the universe’s beginning; with Paul Steinhardt, he
derived “inflationary bootstrap relations” that − if confirmed observationally − would provide compelling
support for the theory of primordial inflation. He co-developed a simple algebraic technique for
understanding black hole mergers and recently constructed the theory of “porcupines”: networks of low-
frequency gravitational wave detectors that function together as gravitational wave telescopes.
Freddy Cachazo (PhD Harvard, 2002) has been a Faculty member at Perimeter since
2005. From 2002 to 2005, he was a Member of the School of Natural Sciences at the
Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton. Cachazo is one of the world’s leading experts in
the study and computation of scattering amplitudes in quantum chromodynamics (QCD) and N=4
super Yang-Mills (MSYM) theories. In 2007, he was awarded an Early Researcher Award and, in
2009, he was awarded the Gribov Medal of the European Physical Society.